Career prospects: Indian Forest Service (IFS)
- Introduction • Indian Forest Service (IFS) is amongst the most prestigious services of our country constituted in the year 1966 under the All India Services Act, 1951 for scientific management of its forests. • Earlier to that, the British had constituted Imperial Forest Service in 1867 which functioned under the then Federal Government. Then in late 1930’s, forestry was transferred to the “Provincial List” by the Government of India Act, 1935 so Imperial Forest Service come to end. • The main mandate of the service is the implementation of the National Forest Policy. This policy envisages scientific management of forests and to exploit them on a sustained basis for primary timber products, rural development, tribal development, etc.
- All India Service IFS is one of the three All India Service, other being IAS and IPS. So the members of these services are recruited by the Centre, but their services are placed under various State cadres. So they have the liability to serve both under the State and under the Centre government.
- Career as IFS career progression • Career progression in IFS is extremely good. If you get selected before the age of thirty years in IFS, there is a very high chances that you will retire as Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (APCCF, State) or Additional Secretary to the Government of India or Secretary to the concerned state. We also have some posts at Special Secretary. • The first position of impact is at the level of district administration, the Divisional Forest Officer (DFO)/ Assisstant Conservator of Forest (ACF). He is among the top five officials of the district, i.e. District Magistrate (DM), Superintendent of Police (SP), District Judge (DJ) and Chief Medical Officer (CMO). He acts as the ex-officio Secretary of various government committees and plans, with DM as Chairman. In many states, if the position of DM falls vacant, DFO takes over the charge. • After DFO, an IFS promoted to Conservator of forests (CF). He works in various like wildlife conservation, implementation of various schemes, crafting working plans, forestry research and development, training of forest cadres etc. • After CF, IFS is promoted as Chief Conservator of Forests (CCF). Here he involved with policy formulation. • Last in the hierarchy, IFS is promoted to Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF). He is the head of the state’s forest department. He is the senior most IFS officer in the state • After the IAS, the Indian Forest Service has the highest number of officers posted as Joint Secretaries, Additional Secretaries and Secretaries to the Government of India
- Pay structure of Indian Forest Service, Perks and Facilities
- Least Political Interference • Among the three services, IFS has least political interference. An IFS officer is largely independent of the district administration. He exercises administrative, legal and financial powers in his own domain. They are independent from any other sphere of power. They search premises, make an arrest for forest law violations and give judgments related to forest matters. • the Annual Confidential Report (ACR) of an IFS officer is always prepared by another IFS officer except when you work directly under Chief Secretary. Apart from this, much of the funding comes through independent channels like MoEFCC, UNEP and other International agencies.
- Study Leave • Study leave of 2 years is allowed for All India Service Officers (IAS/IPS/IFS) who have completed seven years’ service under the Government. All expanses is paid for by the Government of India.
- Central Deputation • Under Central Staffing Scheme (CSS) of MoEF&CC, the posts such as Director General of Forests, Additional Director General of Forests, Inspector General of Forests and Deputy Inspector General of Forests in MoEF&CC, Director of Forest Survey of India, Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy, Project Tiger, Project Elephant, National Zoological Park, Associate Professors and Lecturers in IGNFA, and Deputy Directors/Conservators in Regional offices of the Ministry goes to an IFS officer. Under CSS of DoPT, the post such as Under Secretary (US), Deputy Secretary (DS), Director, Joint Secretary to Government of India (JS), Additional Secretary (AS), Special Secretary (SS), Managing Directors, Chief Vigilance Officer (CVO) and equivalent to them are given to an IFS officer. • But you will spend most of your career in a particular state rather than being transferred throughout the country. Being an AIS, any changes in service conditions done for IAS will apply for IFS too.
- State Deputation • An IFS officer may also be deputed for service under a company, association, corporation which is wholly or substantially owned or controlled by a State Government, a Municipal Corporation or Local Body. Deputation under International Organisations • They are also permissible to foreign governments, UN bodies, international organisations apart from the private sector, voluntary organisations, NGOs, etc.
- No Restriction • from 2017, IFS is allowed to appear for CSE or any other examination during 16 months long training at IGFNA.
- Training • On acceptance to the IFS, new entrants undergo a probationary period (also called as Officer Trainees). They have to initially attend the common Foundation Course (FC) of approx. 3 months at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) in Mussoorie. • Thereafter, they are trained for approx. 16 months at the Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy (IGNFA) at Dehradun. The training is not just composed of lectures and practicals but also include Tours of North, West, South and East India, Trekking Expedition, Weapons Training, Horse Riding, Sports, Cultural Activities and last but not the least, a Foreign Tour at the end of training. • After completion of their training, they are awarded a Master's Degree in Science (Forestry) of Forest Research Institute, Dehradun. • After completing their academic training, they go through a year of on-the-job field training in the cadre state as Assistant Conservators of Forests/ Assistant Deputy Conservators of Forest or Deputy Conservator of Forests. After a total of four years of service in the junior scale (professional training phase and foundation course), they are appointed to the Senior Time Scale. thus they get entitled as Deputy Conservators of Forests/Divisional Forest Officers (DFO) in charge of districts/forest divisions.
- Indian Forest Service officers are involved in the following domains: • Forest conservation and development • Biodiversity and Wildlife management • Solving environment issues including Climate Change • Dealing with forest and wildlife related crimes • Afforestation + Agroforestry • Tribal and hill area development • Social welfare of tribals and dwellers in forest • Natural resource management • Training and capacity building • R&D + Biotechnology • Forest Personnel Administration • Policy Making
- Impact • IFS allow you do amazing work in the field of wildlife protection, natural resource management and environmental conservation. Like successfully relocation of tigers to Sariska Tiger Reserve, Coastal belt protection from cyclones, Chilika Lake restoration (Ramsar Wetland Conservation Award) In state of Odisha, Welfare of tribal communities, Ecotourism etc. • IFS is a specialized service that guarantees lots of opportunities to work for the conservation and enhancement of forest cover and wildlife, for the development and welfare of unprivileged sections of our society, especially those in tribal areas. • They have a important role to play in achieving India's INDCs of 2015 Paris Climate Change Summit, UN Sustainable Development Goals 2030, Conservation of Biodiversity etc. Work Life balance • IFS beautifully balances between personal and professional life. You have ample to time for your family, unlike IAS and IPS.
- Myths about IFS • First one is that it is for the jungles and an IFS officer has to reside therein. But most of them do not reside in jungles. They get accommodation in district headquarters, same as IAS and IPS officers do. • Another myth is that an IFS officer has not much to do in areas where there is less forest cover like in Punjab and Haryana. But task of an IFS officer is not just the protection work but also afforestation and reforestation of the unforested area and to maintain the overall ecological restoration of the region. • Disputes in using acronym IFS : Indian Forest Service Officers have raised the Strong protests and arguments for the wrong and unhealthy practice of addressing the Indian Forest Officers as IFoS by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) because 1. Indian Forest Service (IFS) is the oldest service and as per the old British records acronym was used to specify the Imperial Forest Service officers. 2. But when the Indian Foreign Service was created (1946) the acronym IFS was also used to address officers belonging to Foreign Service.
By IFS Yogesh Garg (AIR 84)
(Thanks to Vikash Meena, IFS)
Career Prospects in IAS
About Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
· Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is the administrative arm of Nation. It is considered as the premier civil service of India.
· IAS is one of the All India Services. Other being Indian Police Service and the Indian Forest Service. Members of these three services recruited, trained by the Central government but they work under both the Union government as well as the individual states government. He may also be deputed to various International intergovernmental organization and public sector undertakings.
· IAS is the permanent bureaucracy of the nation unlike or political executive. It is also called the executive organ of the state. Bureaucracy have to remains impartial and politically neutral to maintain the office of trust. It guarantees administrative continuity of the schemes and programs.
· Civil servants are appointed to any civil service or post in connection with the affairs of the Central Government or to the welfares of the people.
· Following are the three modes of recruitment into the IAS.
1. By qualifying the Civil Services Examination(CSE) which is consist of Pre, mains and interview. It is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) mainly in the month of June (Pre), October (Mains) and February (Interview). they are known as direct recruits.
2. Some IAS officers are also promoted from the state civil services. They had qualified state civil service exam conducted by state public service commission.
3. in rare cases, selected from non-state civil service.
· Dopt had issued guideline to maintain the ratio between direct recruits and promotees to 2:1. All IAS officers are appointed by the President of India.
· Only about 300 candidates (AIS) out of over 1 million applicants, who apply through CSE, are successful, a success rate of less than 0.01 per cent as IAS. That’s why , the members of the AIS service are often referred as "heaven-born".
· If a candidate is selected as an IAS officer then he is ineligible to retake CSE.
· After the selection process for foundation and advance course, selected candidates undergo training at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) in Mussoorie, Uttarakhand.
Civil Service exammination
· Civil Services Examinations are held annually across India. There are three phases –
1. the first phase of CSE is known as the preliminary examination (Prelims). It consists of 2 papers
o the general studies of 100 question account to 200 marks consist of question from current affairs, polity, History, geography,Science and Technology, Economy etc.
o general aptitude paper consists of aptitude, Reasoning, English comprehensions etc of 200 marks.
o Exam is held in May/june. The question papers are objective type (i.e. multiple choice) of two hours duration and are set in Hindi and English. Aptitude paper is of qualifying nature while GS paper is counting one.
· The second phase having Main examination (Mains) of total marks 1750 marks is held in September/October. It consists of-
o Paper 1- One language (300 marks, qualifying nature)
o Paper 2 - English (300 marks, qualyfying)
o Paper 3- Essay( 250 marks)
o Paper 4,5,6 & 7- General Studies (250 marks each)
o Paper 8,9- Any 1 prescribed optional subject.(250 marks for each paper)
· At last, there is the personality test to qualify to make your name in the merit list. It is of 275 marks.
· Selected candidates go through a two years probation period. IAS officers then are allocated to State cadres on the basis of their rank, preference and vacancy.
Cadre allocation policy
· A new cadre allocation policy for the All India Services was announced by the The central government in August 2017 to ensure national integration of the bureaucracy and an All India character of the services.
· The existing twenty-six state cadres were to be divided into five zones from zoneI to zoneII by the Department of Personnel and Training Dopt).
· Under it, a candidate who had qualify for the Mains Examination, first selects their zones of preference in descending order. Then he tells the state preference from each preferred zone by giving the number. After this he will indicates his second state cadre preference for every preferred zone subsequently. This exercise goes on until the last column get fills up. After giving their preference, no further change is permitted.
· Once they are allocated cadre then they have to remain in their allocated cadre or are deputed to the Government of India.
· The "insider-outsider ratio” was maintained at 1:2.
Zones under the current cadre allocation policy hide
|Zone-I||Punjab, Rajasthan and Haryana , AGMUT (Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram and Union Territories), Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand.|
|Zone-II||Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha|
|Zone-III||Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh|
|Zone-IV||West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam-Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura and Nagaland|
|Zone-V||Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala|
· At the beginning of their career, IAS officers receive district training with their home cadres. After completing district training, they were allocated their first posting.
· Their starting role begin as as a sub-divisional magistrate (SDM). Thus, they are placed in charge of a district sub-division. As SDMs, they are given responsibility to maintain law and order and to do general administration and development work, of the sub-division.
· After the completion of training period, they are assigned to various posts in the state or union governments or in Panchayati raj system (municipal councils, municipal corporations, zilla parishads), public sector undertakings or international organization.
· In 2015, new designation of assistant secretary at the Central Secretariat had been created. It was to enable new IAS officers to be posted to Delhi for a three-month assignment as part of their training regime. As part this, IAS assistant secretaries are supposed to work on projects—a new policy in their respective areas—and present it to their respective ministries.
· After completing their this probationary role, they are given the role of an executive in a district as a district magistrate and collector, which lasts for 7-8 years atleast.
· After this tenure he may be promoted as a divisional commissioner, head a whole state division.
· An IAS officer is appointments as Deputy Secretary; Joint Secretary, Special Secretary, Secretary, Principal Secretary, Chief Secretary for formulating policies and supervision of their implementation in the state.
· An IAS officer Work on deputation in different ministries with the Union Government. He hold appointment as Under Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Director, Joint Secretary, Additional Secretary, Secretary and Cabinet Secretary. There he manage day-to-day affairs of the government in consultation with the minister.
· On attaining the apex scale, IAS officers may represent the country at the international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations.
· He can also employed in intergovernmental organisations such as the the United Nations or its agencies World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the Asian Development Bank, etc.
· They are also assigned the duty to conduct of elections in India as mandated by the Election Commission of India
|s.no||Grade/scale (level on Pay Matrix)||Field posting(s)||Position in state governments||Position in the Government of India||Basic monthly salary|
|1.||Cabinet Secretary grade (Pay level 18)||—||—||Cabinet Secretary of India||₹250,000|
|Apex scale (Pay level 17)||Chief secretary||Secretary||₹225,000|
|2.||Higher administrative grade (above super time scale) (Pay level 15)||Divisional commissioner||Principal secretary||Additional secretary||₹182,200 —₹224,100|
|3.||Senior administrative grade (above super time scale) (Pay level 14)||Secretary-cum-commissioner||Joint secretary||₹144,200 ₹218,200|
|4.||Selection grade (Pay level 13)||District magistrate||Special secretary-cum-director||Director||₹118,500 —₹214,100|
|5.||Junior administrative grade (Pay level 12)||Joint secretary||Deputy secretary||₹78,800 —₹191,500|
|6.||Senior time scale (Pay level 11)||Additional district magistrate||Deputy secretary||—||₹67,700 —₹160,000|
|7.||Junior time scale (Pay level 10)||Sub-divisional magistrate||Under Secretary||Assistant secretary||₹56,100 —₹132,000|
· IAS officers of the designations additional chief secretary and special chief secretary draw same salary as the chief secretary of the state but he is not came under the same protocol.
· IAS officers of the designation special secretary to the Government of India or secretary-equivalent draw the same salary as a secretary to the Government of India but he will not followed the same protocol.
· a b c d e f g h Alternate designations and nomenclature can differs from state to state. Alternate designations – District collector, deputy commissioner.
Perks and subsidies
· The salaries of civil servants may not be as high as corporate employees but the perks and subsidies compensate for it.
· An IAS or IPS officer gets
o free quarters
o Dearness allowances
o fuel allowance
o study allowances
o Interest free loans ( because their the credibility is very high by virtue of being employed by Government.
Post retirement benefit
· Upon retirement, they can be given constitutional posts such as the Chief Election Commissioner of India, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, and the chairperson of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).
· They can also become members of administrative tribunals like the Central Administrative Tribunal, the National Green Tribunal or as chiefs of regulators including the Reserve Bank of India, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, the Securities and Exchange Board of India, FCI, etc.
· If a serving IAS officer is appointed to a constitutional post such as Chief Election Commissioner of India or chairperson of UPSC or CAG, etc, or as head of a statutory authority, such as the NHRC, the National Commission for Women or the CIC, he or she is deemed to have retired from service.
· IAS officers can also be deputed to private organisations under Rule 6(2)(ii) of the Indian Administrative Service (Cadre) Rules, 1954 for a fixed tenure.
Assessment of suitability for promotion and posting
The performance of IAS officers is assessed through a performance appraisal report which is compiled annually. This appraisal report is reviewed to judge the suitability of an officer before a promotion or a posting in the union or state governments. It is initiated by the officers themselves( designated as the reporting officer). They list their achievements, completion of assigned activities and targets for the year. Then Reviewing officer reviewed this report and modified it and give his comment. Then Reports are forwarded to the accepting authority. They conduct a final review of the report.
Following are the reasons why many consired Civil Services as a Dream Career
· Civil Services offer an dynamic, attractive and challenging career to the passionate, ambitious, the aspiring and the talented student.
· It is considered as one of the premier services as they have relatively greater sphere of authority and power than any other services in India.
· This engulf all one can aspire for: prestige, job security, opportunity of foreign tour, job satisfaction, salary package, etc.
· As the implementation and monitoring of all developmental and other government policy and schemes rest with civil servants, they decide the fate of the nation.
· this is the most prestigious and respectful job of Bharat. It also give an opportunity to satisfy personal ambition as well as indulge in social welfare thus strike out a balance between personal and societal growth.
· The selection process to become an IAS is rigorous that’s why only a handful got selected out of millions of aspirants every year. Hence give a sense of more competent and proud.
· There is diversity of work associated with civil services, such maintenance of law and order, developmental work, upliftment and empowerment of marginalised sections of society, disaster management, representing India on international forum, administration, etc.
· There is a deep sense of job security as a civil servant cannot be fired easily as they are protected under Article 312 of the constitution.
· A person who wants to bring about positive social change and make him as a part of the process of building society should aspire for IAS.
· It is a life time career choice unlike regular undergraduate courses. A Civil servant plays a major role in the progress and development of state.
but it is also associated with challenges like-
· The trail to turning into a civil servents is strewn with huge hard work and sheer dedication.
· One has to forget friends and family typically to prepare for this examinations.
· Salaries may not be as high as compared to alternative professions. One can be billionaires by doing his/her business unlike this job where you get fixed pay.
· Inter-job transfers may be troublesome and sometimes inevitable, so it’s a type of double edged sword on which you have to walked.
· Job-hopping is not an possibility as once you choose a branch of civil services you have to only persist with it.
Responsibilities of an IAS officer
· To collect revenue.
· He also function as court officials in matters of revenue and crime.
· He have to maintain law and order in the state. He also have to implement and monitor welfare schemes and policies at the grass-roots level when posted to field positions.
· He act as an intermediary between the public and the government.
· He have to handle the administration and daily proceedings of the government. It include the formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of a specific ministry or department.
· To contribute to policy formulation
· He have to come out with a final decision in certain matters, with the agreement of the minister concerned or the council of ministers depending upon the weight of the matter. This power comes when he is posted at the higher level in the Government of India as a joint secretary, special secretary, additional secretary or secretary equivalent and Cabinet Secretary, and in state governments as secretary, additional chief secretary principal secretary, special chief secretary and chief secretary.
Career prospects in Indian Police Service(IPS)
· Indian Police Service (IPS) is one amongst the 3 All India Services (AI S), Other been IAS and IFS. They areconstituted under Article 312 of the Constitution of Bharat. It replaced the Indian Imperial Police in 1948.
· Been a part of an AIS, its officers are recruited and trained by Central government and might use bythe Union Government and each of the the individual states.
· IPS is also the premier police service of the Bharat. The Indian Police Service (IPS) was formed in 1948 under the cadre Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
· The service was formed with a vision to command and provide leadership to state police forces and the union territories conjointly the Central Armed Police Forces and Central Police Organisations.
· The Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) is liable for research, analysys and development of the police force in India.
· Police is a state subject Thus every state and union territory has its own Police Force. It is headed by a Director General of Police (DGP).
· Prior to Independence, senior police officers ( Imperial Police service) were appointed by the secretary of state on the basis of a competitive examination ICS.
· In 1948, a year after India gained independence; the Imperial Police service was replaced by Indian Police Service(IPS).
· The modern Indian Police Service was created as the AIS under the Article 312(2) in part XIV of the Constitution of India.
· Main function is to maintain order, enforce the law to prevent and detect crime.
· To fulfil duties based on border responsibilities, in the areas of maintenance of public peace and order, crime prevention, investigation, and detection, collection of intelligence, VIP security, counter-terrorism, disaster management, enforcement of socio-economic legislation, border policing, railway policing, tackling smuggling, drug trafficking, economic offences, corruption in public life, bio-diversity and protection of environmental laws etc.
· Leading and commanding the Indian Intelligence Agencies like R&AW, IB, CBI, CID etc., Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, Civil and Armed Police Forces in all the states and union territories.
· Leading and commanding various CAPF (which include CPO such as BSF, CRPF, ITBP, NSG, CISF).
· To lead and command the force with courage, dedication, compassion, uprightness and a strong sense of service to the people.
· Inculcate integrity of the highest order, respect for human rights, broad liberal perspective of law and justice, high standard of professionalism and sensitivity to aspirations of people in a fast-changing socio-economic milieu.
· There are two ways of becoming an IPS
(i) passing Civil Service Exam - conducted by Union Public Service Commission.
(ii) promotion from state cadre police service and DANIPS.
· The authorised cadre strength is 4920. (3270 Direct Recruitment Posts and 1650 Promotional Posts).
· they Start their career as a Group B officer. They act as Assistant Commissioner Of Police(ACP) in Delhi with Entry Grade 4800 Basic Pay(Scale 9).
· After 4 Years’ Service, you reached to Group A (5400 Grade Pay)
· After 20 Years’ Service, you will Induction into IPS in AGMUT Cadre as Deputy Commissioner of Police(DCP)-
· Their training of is conducted at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) in Hyderabad.
· There, the officer cadets are trained in various physical activities, weapons, Riding, Drill, etc. They also get theoretical knowledge about IPC, various laws, social issues and management.
· After the completion of training period, they are sent to their state cadres. In states, they get the designation of Assistant Superintendent of Police. They get the Pay Band 3 (Rs.15600 – 39,100) with Grade Pay of 5400. It is actually a probation period post. Here the officer learns from their senior about how the police mechanisms work in the grass root level.
Senior Time Scale
· After the probation is over, the officer will get the Senior Time Scale pay (5th year of their service). Here, he is promoted as the Additional Superintendent of Police in the districts. If he serves in any city at police commiserate then the post will be of Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police.
· Under the new Cadre allocation policy 2017, the existing 26 cadres have been divided into five zones in the new policy by the Department of Personnel and Training of Government of India.
· candidate has to first give his/her choice in the descending order of preference for both State and Zones.
· A career in Police or Law Enforcement Service holds huge opportunity for courageous, Determined, Stong and dedicated candidates.
· The constant increase in crime rates especially against weaker section of the society and the resulting security conscious among the societal member, has increased the demand for police jobs in India and across the world. Thus opened a lot of opportunities for those who are ready to be part of police force.
· Despite being a very small cadre strength, many IPS officers have been awarded highest gallantry awards ( Ashok Chakra, Kirti Chakra etc.) for their bravery.
· Indian Police Service is the ultimate fantasy for those whose blood boils against crimes and criminals.
Pay structure of an IPS
|s.no.||Insignia||pay matrix||Position in the state government||positions or designation in the Government of India (GOI)||Basic salary (monthly)|
|1.||—||Apex scale (pay level 17)||—||Secretary (R), Secretary (Security) in the Cabinet Secretariat.||₹225,000|
|Director of the Intelligence Bureau (IB)|
|2.||Director general of police (Head of State Police Forces)||· Director of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)
· Director General of National Investigation Agency (NIA)
· Commissioner of Police of Delhi
|3.||HAG+ Scale (pay level 16)||Director general of police||· Director General of Bureau of police Research and Development||₹205,400 —₹224,400|
|4.||HAG scale (pay level 15)||Additional director general of police||· Director of National Crime Records Bureau
· Commissioner of Police (City Police Commissionerate)
· Additional Director General in NIA, IB, CBI, CAPF
|5.||Senior administrative grade (pay level 14)||Inspector general of police||· Commissioner of police (city police commissionerate)
· Inspector General in CAPFs and NIA
|6.||Super time scale (DIG/Conservator grade) (pay level 13A)||Deputy inspector general of police||· Commissioner of police (city police commissionerate)
· Deputy inspector general in CAPFs and NIA
· Deputy Director in IB, CBI.
|7.||Selection grade (pay level 13)||Superintendent of police (selection grade)||Deputy commissioner of police in Delhi.||₹118,500 - ₹214,100|
|8.||Junior administrative grade (pay level 12)||Superintendent of police||Deputy commissioner of police in Delhi.||₹78,800 —₹191,500|
|9.||Senior time scale (pay level 11)||Additional superintendent of police||Additional deputy commissioner of police in Delhi.||₹67,700 —₹160,000|
|10.||Junior time scale (pay level 10)||Assistant Superintendent of Police||Assistant commissioner of police in Delhi.||₹56,100 —₹132,000|
· Rank insignia of DGP and Additional DGP is similar.
· Commissioner of Police is a post which is held by different rank officers in different cities. For example, it is held by DG rank officer only in Delhi and Mumbai; by Additional DG rank officer in Bangalore, Kolkata, Pune, Ahmedabad, etc; by IG rank officer in Gurgaon, Mysore etc; by DIG rank officer in Kochi, Trivandrum, etc.
Perks and subsidies
· The salaries of civil servants may not be as high as corporate employees but the perks and subsidies compensate for it. An IAS or IPS officer gets free quarters, fuel allowance, cook, and driver apart from study allowances. Interest free loans are offered on the house by banks as the credibility of civil servants by virtue of being employed by Government (State or Center) is very high.
· The authority, power and decision making capability that becomes available to you within 2-3 years of service as District SPs is unparalleled w.r.t. any private sector job.
· aspirant, at the very young age have the opportunity to command thousands of men and helps lakhs by redressing their grievance reprisal.
· The unique position in IPS service makes you grow faster than any other job. It is because they network and interact with almost every kind of human being and class and caste and creed that exist in the world.
· The police job is a 365*24*7 job. This is the only organization that works throughout the year, day and night, during holidays and on festivals but does not get any recognition for their sacrifice and dedication.
· sometime, you will have to get up at 3 am in the night when a murder takes place or spent days in a camp or in field when a law & order situation arises.
· You will have to mitigate processions and protests for totally useless and idiotic reasons consistently.
· Job Pressure level is high for an IPS Officer. There is lot of political interference from political leaders, religious leaders and others
Career prospects of an Indian Revenue Service(IRS)
Overview of Indian Revenue Service:
· Indian Revenue Service (IRS) is the Group ‘A’ Central Service. It is the largest amongst the organized civil services in the Government of India.
· It is the administrative revenue service of the central Government of India.
· it is a Central Service. Thus it functions under the Department of Revenue of the Ministry of Finance while it is under the administrative direction of the Revenue Secretary and the ministerial command of the Minister of Finance.
· IRS serves the nation by performing one of the most important sovereign functions i.e., collection of revenue for Nation’s development, security and governance.
· Indian Revenue Service Consists of Two Branches:
1. IRS (Customs and Central Excise) is controlled by The Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC). it is the national agency that administers Customs, Central Excise & Service Tax.
2. IRS (Income Tax) is controlled by Central Board of Direct Taxes(CBDT). it administers a number of Direct Tax Acts, namely-
· the Income Tax Act 1961,
· the Wealth Tax Act 1957,
· the Gift Tax Act 1958,
· Interest Tax Act 1974,
· Securities Transaction Tax Act 2004,
· Banking Cash Transaction Tax Act 2005 and
· Fringe Benefit Tax Act 2004, etc.
· IRS officers administer the Direct Taxes laws through the Income Tax Department (ITD). iTD logo is 'kosh mulo dandah'. It has ansanctioned strength of about 75000 employees, including 4921 duty posts in the IRS. It is spread over 550 locations all over the country as an Income Tax office is located in almost every district of India.
· At the apex level, the Central Board of-Direct Taxes (CBDT) is responsible for administration and supervision of the ITD. It is constituted under the Central Boards of Revenue Act, 1963 under the Department of Revenue.
· The CBDT has a Chairperson and 6 Members who are of the rank and status of Special Secretary to the GOI.
· CBDT are supported by Joint Secretaries/Commissioners, Deputy Secretaries, Under Secretaries, Directors, Section Officers, Assistants and other support staff.
· It is structured on the standard lines of other departments of the Central Government.
· Function of CBDT is to formulate policies relating to Direct Taxes and to ensure their due implementation.
· Most of the upper designation in the CBDT are assigned to an IRS officers. It consists of Under Secretary and upwards level .
· There are many regional level field offices. They are placed below the CBDT. This regional level field offices are headed by a Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax (PCCIT).
· There are 18 regional level field offices. Below PCCs, are Chief Commissioners and Principal Commissioners who are responsible to ensure proper functioning of the field formation.
· The IRS officers are assisted by the group ‘B’ and group ’C’ staff like Income Tax Officers, Income Tax Inspectors and support staff.
· There are two way of recruitment to the IRS.
1. A aspirant may become IRS by passing the Civil Services Examination (CSE) which is conducted by UPSC. It is a three-stage competitive process. It consists of a
o preliminary examination of 2 paper GS and Aptitude.
o a main examination consists of 9 papers.
o an interview also known as personality development test.
o Candidate thus selected are known as direct recruits.
2. Some officers are also promoted from Central Services (Group B) such as Income Tax Service (Group B), Customs Preventive Service (Group B), Customs Appraisers Service (Group B) and Central Excise Service (Group B). they are gradually promoted over several years of service.
· The current ratio of direct: promote is kept 1:1. All IRS officers are appointed by the President of India regardless of their mode of entry.
· selection and career prospects of an IRS officer are regulated by The Indian Revenue Service Recruitment Rules.
Role of IRS officers:
1. Policy Formulation: The tax policy serves as a tool to raising of revenue, address several other objectives in the process of development of the country like providing for incentives and disincentives in the target areas/segments of the economy. They are formulated by the IRS officers based upon the experience and other relevant inputs from various sources. It is submitted through CBDT.
2. Tax Administrator - Investigator, quasi -judicial authority and prosecutor: IRS officer levy and collect taxes. The process of tax collection is typically guided by the regime of voluntary compliance. However, there is always a gap between the expected and the achieved level of compliance. This gap is mainly due to tax evasion. Some of method of tax evasion are like wilful suppression of material facts, hot money, shell company, aggressive tax planning or mistakes committed by the tax payers. So to detect such aberrations and promote voluntary compliance, IRS officer intervenes through selective scrutiny (examination) of returns/statements, surveys, search & seizure etc. In serious cases of defaults, criminal prosecutions are instituted by him after completing requisite investigation.
3. Global crusade against black money: IRS officer detect and curb black money in the country. IRS officers negotiate International Agreements with other tax jurisdictions, to plug misuse of international financial processes for tax evasion and avoidance
4. They may give their service to other Ministries/Departments/Organisations on deputation: IRS officers can also deputed to other Ministries/Departments/Organisations.
Training & Capacity Building:
· successful candidates will go through a 3-month Foundation Course at the LBSNAA in Mussoorie when he got his name in the final merit list of CSE exam.
· After completing FC course, IRS(IT) Officer Trainees (OTs) will go for a 16-month specialised training at the National Academy of Direct Taxes (NADT), in Nagpur, Maharashtra, while IRS(C&IT) OTs undergo specialised training at National Academy of Customs Indirect Taxes and Narcotics (NACIN), in Faridabad, Haryana.
• Induction Training:
o After the completion of Foundation Course, Induction training get started. here the officers undergo intensive training of sixteen months. They will study specially designed modules in taxation and allied laws, budgetary management, accounting, public finance, fiscal policy,fiscal prudence, office procedure etc.
o This training also consist of attachment programme across the country, India study tour and international attachment and study tour to different countries giving exposure on global best practices in taxation.
o National Academy of Direct Taxes (NCDT) in Nagpur, Maharashtra is the training centre of the IRS(IT). It conduct induction training for them in 2 module which are as follows:
1. The 1st Module consist of intense theoretical inputs in the subjects such as Theoretical Concepts and Practical Application of Direct Tax Laws, indirect tax laws. GST, Advanced Accounting and Finance, and Business Laws-I
2. The 2nd module consists of On-The-Job Training for around eight weeks under some field officer/staff. It is then followed by Bharat Darshan, and a Financial Attachment for 2 weeks.[
o National Academy of Customs, Indirect Taxes, and Narcotics conduct training in specialised matters of conventional tax administration— be it direct or indirect–along with unarmed combat, weapons and explosives.
• Mid-Career Training programme:
o There is numerous mid-career training programmes for IRS officers. They are held with a view to keep them aware of the latest developments in the areas of governance, administration, taxation, finance and management.
o It consist of Advanced Mid Career Training (AMCTP). It is held in 3 phases.
1. Phase I is for Joint/Additional Commissioners,
2. Phase-II is for Commissioners/Principal Commissioners
3. Phase-III is for Chief Commissioners/Principal Chief Commissioners.
o It is a 3 week domestic module held at premier Management Institutes like Indian Institute for financial management,Faridabad, etc. it is then followed by "a 2 week International component at best international Universities.
Career Prospects at a glance:
· An IRS officer starts its career as a Group A officer as Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax.
· An IRS officer could move up-to the top Scale at the post of Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax in the ITD after 25 Years of service. Or he can also get selected as a Member or Chairperson of the CBDT.
· The intermediate grades of IRS career progression are as follows- Deputy Commissioner, Joint Commissioner, Additional Commissioner, Commissioner, Principal Commissioner and Chief Commissioner of Income Tax.
· the Government of India decided to create a network of Income Tax Overseas Units (ITOUs). This is mainly due to the increased scope for international cooperation in the work areas of porous border, Liberalization, exchange of information, tax evasion, double taxation, transfer pricing, and taxation of cross-border transactions,
· they also have to serve in such ITOUs which are part of the Indian mission places abroad.
· An IRS officer can also become a Member of the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Income Tax Settlement Commission, Authority for Advance Ruling and Income Tax Ombudsman as per the prescribed eligibility criteria.
· IRS officers can also serve other Ministries/Departments Organisations under Central Staffing Scheme and on deputations on the lines of All India Services.
Indicative hierarchy of the IRS officers in the field formation is as under:
|Position / Pay Grade in the Government of India||Designations (custom)||Designations( Income tax)||Basic monthly salary|
|1||Junior Time Scale||Assistant commissioner of Central GST/Customs (entry-level; probationer)||Assistant commissioner of income tax / Entry-level (Probationer)||₹56,100 —₹132,000|
|2||Senior Time Scale||Deputy commissioner of Central GST/Customs||Deputy commissioner of income tax||₹67,700 —₹160,000|
|3||Junior Administrative Grade||Joint commissioner of Central GST/Customs||Joint commissioner of income tax|
|4||Selection Grade||Additional commissioner of Central GST/Customs||Additional commissioner of income tax||₹118,500 —₹214,100|
|5||Senior Administrative Grade||Commissioner of Central GST/Customs and Additional Director General.||Commissioner of income tax/additional director general||₹144,200 -₹218,200|
|6||Higher Administrative Grade||Principal commissioner of Central GST/Customs||principal commissioner of income tax||₹182,200 —₹224,100|
|7||Higher Administrative Grade +||Chief commissioner of Central GST/Customs and Director General||chief commissioner of income tax||₹2,25,000|
|8||Apex Scale||Principal chief commissioner of Central GST, CBIC chairperson and its member and director general||principal chief commissioner of income tax, CBDT chairperson, its member and director general of the Central Economic Intelligence Bureau||₹2,50,000|
Perks and subsidies
· An IRS officer gets free quarters, fuel allowance, cook, and driver apart from study allowances. Interest free loans are offered on the house by banks as the credibility of civil servants by virtue of being employed by Government (State or Center) is very high.