Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

From CSE Wiki
  • Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG)s are the most vulnerable among the tribal groups.
  • PVTGs have some basic characteristics - they are mostly homogenous, with a small population, relatively physically isolated, social institutes cast in a simple mould, absence of written language, relatively simple technology and a slower rate of change etc.
  • There are a total of 75 PVTGs out of 705 Scheduled Tribes, spread over 17 states and one Union Territory (UT).

History

  • In 1973, the Dhebar Commission created Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) as a separate category, who are less developed among the tribal groups.
  • In 2006, the Government renamed the PTGs as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).

Criteria for identifying PVTGs

  1. Pre-agricultural level of technology,
  2. Low level of literacy,
  3. Economic backwardness,
  4. A declining or stagnant population.

Government programmes

  • Scheme for Development of Primitive Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs): The Scheme seeks to adopt a holistic approach to the socio-economic development of PVTGs and gives state governments flexibility in planning initiatives that are geared towards the specific socio-cultural imperatives of the specific groups at hand. Activities supported under the scheme include housing, land distribution, land development, agricultural development, cattle development, construction of link roads, installation of non conventional sources of energy, social security, etc.

List of PVTGs

State / UT Name PVTGs Name
Andhra Pradesh and Telangana 1. Bodo Gadaba 2. Bondo Poroja 3. Chenchu 4. Dongria Khond 5. Gutob Gadaba 6. Khond Poroja 7. Kolam 8. Kondareddis 9. Konda Savaras 10. Kutia Khond 11. Parengi Poroja 12. Thoti (Total: 12)
Bihar and Jharkhand 13. Asurs 14. Birhor 15. Birjia 16. Hill Kharia 17. Konvas 18. Mal Paharia 19. Parhaiyas 20. Sauda Paharia 21. Savar (Total: 9)
Gujarat 22. Kathodi 23. Kohvalia 24. Padhar 25. Siddi 26. Kolgha (Total: 5)
Karnataka 27. Jenu Kuruba 28. Koraga (Total: 2)
Kerala 29. Cholanaikayan (a section of Kattunaickans) 30. Kadar 31. Kattunayakan 32. Kurumbas 33. Koraga (Total: 4)
Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh 34. Abujh Macias 35. Baigas 36. Bharias 37. Hill Korbas 38. Kamars 39. Saharias 40. Birhor (Total: 7)
Maharashtra 41. Katkaria (Kathodia) 42. Kolam 43. Maria Gond (Total: 3)
Manipur 44. Marram Nagas
Odisha 45. Birhor 46. Bondo 47. Didayi 48. Dongria-Khond 49. Juangs 50. Kharias 51. Kutia Kondh 52. Lanjia Sauras 53. Lodhas 54. Mankidias 55. Paudi Bhuyans 56. Soura 57. Chuktia Bhunjia (Total: 13)
Rajasthan 58. Seharias (Total: 1)
Tamil Nadu 59. Kattu Nayakans 60. Kotas 61. Kurumbas 62. Irulas 63. Paniyans 64. Todas (Total: 6)
Tripura 65. Reangs (Total: 1)
Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand 66. Buxas 67. Rajis (Total: 2)
West Bengal 68. Birhor 69. Lodhas 70. Totos (Total: 3)
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 71. Great Andamanese 72. Jarawas 73. Onges 74. Sentinelese 75. Shorn Pens (Total: 5)

References

  1. https://pib.gov.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1577166
  2. https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/scheduled-tribes-welfare/primitive-vulnerable-tribal-groups
  3. https://tribal.nic.in/pvtg.aspx
  4. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1594553