People's Participation in Freedom Struggle
Contribution of Women
|Madam Bhikaji Cama||
|Aruna Asaf Ali||
|Rani Gaidiniliu||arrested at age of 13 in Nagaland|
|Sarla Devi Chadurani||
|Margaret Cousins||All India Women's Conference 1927 to tackle problems of women education|
|Dr. Muthulakshmi Reddi||India’s first legislator|
Bharat Mahila Parishad was foudned as women's wing of National Social Conference for social issues against women
Contribution of North East Region
|Rani Gaidinlieu||led movement against British in 1930s, captured while she was just 17
|Kanaklata Baruah||joined freedom struggle on Gandhian principles during QIM, shot dead at 17
|Gopinath Bordoloi||1st CM of Assam played key role in keeping Assam united
|Gomdhar Konwar||Ahom's revolt|
|Bhogeshwari Phukanani||dared to attack, set free office of Congress in Berhampur (Assam) from siege of British Police|
|Maniram Dewan||fierce opponent of Britishers, believed that industrial development can only happen in free India|
|Tyagbir Hem Barua||poet, scholar, professor played active role in QIM|
Several Tribal leaders from Manipur, Nagaland, Assam joined the Quit India Movement. Further, there was good participation of women in the Freedom Struggle from North East.
Under aegis of 'forgotten heroes' from NE, GoI lately honored freedom fighters on 70th Independence day.
Contribution of Industrialists
- They lent their support to the Congress in protest against the colonial policies that restricted indigenous enterprises.
- Since they wanted protection against imports of foreign goods, such rupee-sterling ratio to discourage imports
- Industrialists gave financial assistance and refused to buy or sell goods.
- since 1920s, efforts made to organize capitalists and thus ssociations like Indian Industrial and Commercial Congress in 1920 and FICCI in 1927 were formed.
- Indian Merchant's Chamber-1907 formed post Swadeshi Movement.
- ASSOCHAM 1920 was formed post WW-I, to integrate all India economic policy for rapid growth of Indian business. Their maiden conference was held in Calcutta.
- Finally in 1927, FICCI formed, soon recognized by British govt. & Indian public to represent opinion of the capitalist class but FICCI was not just TU of capitalist but also intervened in politics for national good. They signed Bombay Manifesto 1936 - open indictment of Nehru's socialist ideas, also didn't support Public Safety Bill which went against overall national interests.
- They viewed Swaraj as freedom from the domination of market by foreign goods but withdrew their support when the second Round Table Conference failed.
- They were however, concerned about the rise of the socialist ideology in the Congress.
- Nevertheless they started indigenous industries to provide firm industrial base to support and defend freedom.
- Purshottamdas, Thakurdas and G.D. Birla attacked the colonial control over Indian economy.
- Walchand Joshi along with Annie Besant, M.R. Jayakar were 1st sponsors of pioneering national news agency, the Free Press of India founded in 1927.