Sessions of Indian National Congress

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The Indian National Congress (INC) was established in 1885 by Allan Octavian Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha and it grew to become one of the most important political parties in pre-independence India. The first Indian National Congress session was held in 1885. Knowing the dates of Indian National Congress sessions and their presidents or the purpose or something special that happened in that session is important for preliminary exam.

Year Location President Importance
1885 Bombay W C Bannerji
  • First session attended by 72 delegates
  • Objectives of the Congress outlined.
1886 Calcutta Dadabhai Naoroji Merger of National Congress and National Conference.
1887 Madras Badruddin Tyabji First Muslim President
1888 Allahabad George Yule First English president.
1889 Bombay Sir William Wedderburn Congress represented all areas of British India.
1890 Calcutta Sir Pherozeshah Mehta Decision taken to organize session of congress in London
1891 Nagpur P Ananda Charlu
1892 Allahabad W C Bonnerji
1893 Lahore Dadabhai Naoroji
1894 Madras Alfred Webb
1895 Poona Surendranath Banerjee Demand of a representative body only for educated class
1896 Calcutta Rahimtullah M. Sayani National song ‘Vande Mataram’ sung for the first time by Rabindranath Tagore
1897 Amravati C Sankaran Nair
1898 Madras Ananda Mohan Bose Social reform was set as the main goal.
1899 Lucknow Romesh Chunder Dutt Demand for permanent fixation of Land revenue
1900 Lahore N G Chandavarkar
1901 Calcutta Dinshaw Wacha First time Gandhiji appeared on the Congress platform
1902 Ahmedabad Surendranath Banerjee
1903 Madras Lal Mohan Ghosh
1904 Bombay Sir Henry Cotton
1905 Benares Gopal Krishna Gokhale Formal proclamation of Swadeshi movement against government
1906 Calcutta Dadabhai Naoroji
  • The word ‘Swaraj’ mentioned for the first time.
  • Adopted four resolutions on: Swaraj (Self Government), Boycott Movement, Swadeshi & National Education
1907 Surat Surat Rash Behari Ghosh Party splits into extremists and moderates Moderates, led by Gokhale and the other consisting of Extremists, led by Tilak. Adjournment of Session.
1908 Madras Rash Behari Ghosh Constitution for the Congress formed.
1909 Lahore Madan Mohan Malaviya Expressed disapproval over formation of separate electorates on the basis of religion (of the Indian Councils Act,1909).
1910 Allahabad Sir William Wedderburn M.A Jinnah decried the separate electorate system introduced by act of 1909
1911 Calcutta Bishan Narayan Das Jana Gana Mana sung for the first time
1912 Bankipore (Patna) Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar
1913 Karachi Syed Mohammed Bahadur
1914 Madras Bhupendra Nath Basu
1915 Bombay Satyendra Prasanna Sinha Constitution of the Congress was altered to admit the delegates from the extremist section
1916 Lucknow Ambica Charan Mazumdar
  • Unity between two factions-Moderates and Extremists of Congress.
  • Lucknow Pact – Joint session with the Muslim League and reunion of congress.
1917 Calcutta Annie Besant First woman president of the INC
1918 Bombay and Delhi Syed Hasan Imam (Bombay) and Madan Mohan Malaviya (Delhi)
  • Special Session to deliberate the contentious Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms Scheme.
  • Two sessions held. First in Bombay in August/September. Second in Delhi in December.
1919 Amritsar Motilal Nehru Congress extended support to Khilafat Movement
1920 Nagpur Lala Lajpat Rai and

C Vijayaraghavachariar

  • Mahatma Gandhi moved the Non cooperation resolution (Under LLR special meet).
  • Reconstitution of Working committees of Congress on Linguistic basis and MA Jinnah left the Indian National Congress (Under CV meet).
1921 Ahmedabad Hakim Ajmal Khan

(Acting President for C R Das)

Harsat Mohani demanded for complete independence
1922 Gaya C R Das CR Das and other leaders broke away from INC and formed Swaraj Party
1923 Delhi Abul Kalam Azad Special session. Azad was the youngest president
1924 Belgaum M K Gandhi Only Session presided over by Mahatma Gandhi
1925 Kanpur Sarojini Naidu First Indian woman president
1926 Guwahati S Srinivasa Iyengar
1927 Madras Dr. M A Ansari
  • Passed a resolution against the use of Indian troops in China, Iran and Mesopotamia and Adoption of resolution on Purna Swaraj.
  • Nehru and S.C. Bose moved resolution for independence and it was passed for the 1st time.
1928 Calcutta Motilal Nehru All India Youth Congress formed
1929 Lahore Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Resolution for Poorna Swaraj.
  • Civil disobedience movement for complete independence to be launched.
  • 26 January to be observed as ‘Independence Day’.
1930 No session
1931 Karachi Vallabhbhai Patel
  • Resolution on fundamental rights and national economic progress.
  • Gandhi-Irwin Pact endorsed.
  • Gandhi was nominated to represent INC in the Second Round Table Conference
1932 Delhi R Amritlal Congress banned
1933 Calcutta Malaviya was elected but Mrs.

Nellie Sengupta presided.

Congress banned
1934 Bombay Rajendra Prasad Amendment in the Constitution of Congress
1936 Lucknow Jawaharlal Nehru Push towards socialist ideas by Jawahar Lal Nehru
1937 Faizpur Jawaharlal Nehru First session to be held in a village
1938 Haripura Subhas Chandra Bose
  • National Planning Committee set up under Nehru.
  • Haripura Resolution passed, which demanded Poorna Swaraj, including the princely states as well.
1939 Tripuri Subhas Chandra Bose Bose was elected but had to resign since Gandhi supported Pattabhi Sitaramayya. Instead Rajendra Prasad was appointed and Subhash Chandra Bose formed Forward Bloc.
1940 Ramgarh Abul Kalam Azad
  • He was the longest serving President of INC during British Rule.
  • Quit India Movement started in 1942.
1941 - 1945 This period is marked by events i.e. Quit India movement, RIN Mutiny & INA trials hence during this phase no congress session was held.
1946 Meerut Acharya Kripalani Last session before independence
1948 Jaipur Pattabhi Sitaramayya First session after independence