Strategy:Economics Optional

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Sources for Paper 1

Micro economics

Those who don’t have any background of economics should start from this lecture series. If you find it interesting then only choose economics optional.

After watching this series one should directly go to HL Ahuja. Abhimanyu Gahlaut Sir has mentioned chapters to read from Ahuja. But my experience is one should not skip any chapter of Ahuja. There are direct questions coming from it.

In 2019 paper there were mathematical questions. We can expect them in future as well. For that use Varian. I read Varian for JNU entrance preparation. Definitions in that book are precise. Use it selectively for numerical part and definitions.

Macro economics

It is one of the interesting subject. It is backbone of international economics and growth & development. Let me remind you it is one of the easiest and scoring section of economics.

Froyen is best source to prepare macro economics. First 12 chapters from Froyen are very important. While reading Froyen focus on the explanations given below diagrams. That is the same way which you can reproduce in exam.

After reading Froyen Skim through HL Ahuja (Macro) . There are certain models and explanations which are not there in Froyen. Read it.

In 2019 paper there were mathematical questions. We can expect them in future as well. For that either use HL Ahuja (Macro) or Blanchard. I read Blanchard for JNU entrance preparation. It is a very good book. But use it selectively and only for numerical part that too only of IS and LM.

Money and Banking

Money and banking part is covered in macro. There is no need to read any separate source.

Public Finance

It has always been a challenging section for me. For conceptual understanding I used Musgrave and Musgrave . Later I skimmed through Bhatia for new terms and models. Most of the portion of Bhatia is irrelevant. You can safely ignore it.

International Economics

Salvatore is a holy book for International economics.  Even appendix are important. One should read it cover to cover. Only part you can ignore is mathematical part of appendix. It covers almost syllabus except speculative attack. It can be either covered from Krugman or Gaurav sir’s notes.

Growth and Development

It is most difficult part to prepare. There is no good source which explains growth theories. This youtube channel will help you to understand models. In books I preferred Thirlwall for conceptual understanding. Later read Jhingan for micro understanding of models and reading different models. Once it is done read Gaurav sir’s notes.

Environmental Economics

I preferred Shankar IAS booklet and Gaurav sir’s notes. Questions asked are mostly of GS type so Shanakar IAS booklet will help you.

Online Sources

Along with this I am mentioning some websites which will help you for better understanding of models

economicshelp.org (Its to the point. Similar answers can be written in exam)

economicsdiscussion.net

policonomics.com

https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/econsiasprep

Past Year Questions

Past year questions from 1995-2019 are available here.

Coaching sources

No coaching material is required for economics optional.

Sources for Paper 2

Indian Economy in post independence Era

Basic source is Tirthankar Roy. However very few chapters are important. Read it according to the syllabus. It will help to develop understanding. After reading Roy primary source should be Abhijit sir’s notes.

To add value to Abhijit sir’s notes use http://economicsdiscussion.net/ wisely.

Indian Economics after  independence : Pre Liberalization

After skimming Uma Kapila and Misra Puri I feel that Misra Puri is more relevant from exam perspective. According to syllabus read Misra Puri. It has exam relevant data. If you have time read Uma Kapila. It will help you to build conceptual understanding. Please keep in mind that, both books should be read selectively.

Once it is done take Abhijit sir’s notes and revise it multiple times.

Indian Economist

Google name of economist + economicsdiscussion.net. Economicsdiscussion.net has good information on Indian economist.

Indian Economics after  independence : Post Liberalization

No book will help in this part. Primary source should be Abhijit sir’s notes. You may not understand those notes thus see the topic and google it. Read some articles on it. Once conceptual understanding is developed take Abhijit sir’s notes and revise it multiple times.

This part is more of current oriented. Hence online sources will play important role. I have mentioned some websites below which will help you.

indianeconomy.net

economicsdiscussion.net

Big Picture by Rajya Sabha TV

Dr Arvind Subramanian lecture series

Economic Survey

Past two years survey is important for economics optional. However there is no need to read it on cover to cover basis . You can safely read Vision IAS summaries.

Should I read business news paper?

On daily basis there is no need to read business newspaper. If there is any important issue you can read multiple editorials on it. Otherwise The Hindu or Indian Express is sufficient.

Should I read EPW?

EPW is good source for understanding. However looking at Cost/Benefit ratio I will not recommend it.

From where to read name of economist?

Abhijeet sir’s notes have name of economist. Note their names, their area of work and their basic arguments.

Past Year Questions

Past year questions from 1995-2019 are available here.

Dealing with Paper 1

Sequence to follow while reading paper 1

  1. Consumer theory of micro economics (First few chapters of Ahuja)
  2. Market structure
  3. Welfare economics
  4. Macro economics (You can start with macro as well)
  5. Alternate distribution theories (There is dependency with macro. Please read after macro)
  6. Money, banking and finance
  7. Public economics and taxation (Dependency on macro and micro)
  8. International economics (Dependency on macro and micro)
  9. Growth and development (Dependency on macro and micro)

Basic approach

First reading stage

In this stage you should focus on understanding economic concepts and models. Don’t worry you will not understand most of the topics. Just keep reading. This reading will take 4-5 months. At the end you will feel that you might feel that taking economics optional was big mistake. But don’t worry. It happens to all.

Second reading

With motivation to study economics open your books again. At this time focus on statement of model/theory. Read assumptions on which theory is based. Relate those assumptions with explanation of model/theory. At this stage you will realize importance of assumptions.  This reading will take around 2 months.

Now after this reading you might feel confident. You might go and check Previous year questions. Now there is surprise for you. You still wont be able to solve past year papers (HA HA Ha). Don’t worry it happens to all.

Third reading

Now this is important reading. Here you should start making your own notes. Those bulky books should be converted to small notes. Here you will better understanding of models. There will be better understanding of models. Now you will start feeling confident here. It will take around 2 months.

Fourth reading

Till now you have successfully spent 8 months. Now you might have to prepare for prelims. So just revise your notes.

Fifth reading

Usually this reading will be between prelims and mains. Read books like you are reading it for first time. This time it will take only 1.5 months. Here simultaneously you should start answer writing practice. Start solving past year papers (2019-1996). There are many questions which you might not have read in standard books. Don’t worry. Google it and understand the concept (No need to go in depth).

Revision stage

Here you should only focus on your notes and previous year papers. Here practicing diagrams matters a lot. Even after revisions you might forget models. Don’t worry. Just revise it again between GS paper and option paper gap. It will help you to reproduce it in exam.

Importance of Past year papers

Past year papers are most important in paper 1. In exam almost 30-50% questions will directly or indirectly come from past years. It will also help you to understand model better. There are some questions which requires brain storming. It will help you to deal with bouncers. Thus one should not ignore past year papers. They are available here.

How to understand and remember model / theory?

Economic model usually have 5 parts : statement, diagram,  explanation, policy relevance and  criticism. According to me statement and assumptions are most important. Focus on them most. It will make explanation easy for you. For diagrams you should practice it multiple times.

Usually assumptions are criticism of economic models. When you know the assumptions you can easily remember criticism.

In past years examples it is seen that model is asked with some modification. For example

Suppose that investment is not exogenous as in Kaldor’s original model but that it varies with profits. What does this mean for the stability of the Kaldor model of distribution? (2013)

Here again assumptions will help you. If you know the significance of taking investment as exogenous factor you can easily tackle it.

How to tackle paper?

Paper is divided between compulsory and optional questions. Past trend show that there are always 2-3 bouncers in compulsory questions. Thus please avoid reading compulsory questions first. It might demotivate you in exam.

Start with optional questions. Choose questions wisely. It is see that every year one section is heavily asked in exam. For example in 2018 there were more questions on growth theories. One of my senior told me that  paper setters are professor from central universities. A professor usually have deep knowledge about his subject and good knowledge of other.  Thus he tend to ask difficult questions from his area of expertise. In such scenario if you don’t have knowledge of that subject you should choose questions from other subject to get average marks.

How to deal with bouncers?

If you have read that bouncer earlier you can hit a six using upper cut. However most of time it is not the case. So in that case getting single or double matter more.

Here you can write definition of keywords mentioned in questions or you can write relevant things around it or just write what you know about it.

Covering paper

It is most important aspect. It is said that UPSC follows normalization to bring parity between different optional. It might be correct as every year around 10% are selected from every optional. So leaving a question might cost you much. In normalization even 2 marks can make great difference. So don’t leave any question. Even in bouncers you should write something.

Should I use scale and pencil to draw diagrams?

In 3 hours it is hard to cover paper. If you start using scale and pencil you might not be able to cover paper. Akshay Agrawal sir who got 310 marks gave same advice to me.

Scale and pencil will surely give you brawny points. But cost might be high thus if you want to use it practice rigorously.

Without pencil and scale diagrams should be accurate for that practice is required. Believe me after practice you can easily do it. However if you are poor in drawing please use at least scale.

Last words on paper 1

It is just like university exam don’t bother much. Here rather than having deep knowledge presenting average knowledge and covering paper matters most. So don’t focus much on bouncers (It is asked to distract you) rather focus on covering standard questions from standard sources.

Dealing with Paper 2

Basic Approach

First reading stage

In this stage you should focus on understanding Indian economy. Don’t worry you may not remember data, name of economist and facts. Just keep reading. This reading will take 2-3 months.

Second reading

At this time focus on data, trends and reasoning behind it.  In second reading you will have much better understanding of Indian economy. You will start remembering data and facts. It might take around one month.

Third reading

In third reading you should start making short notes. Usually there is 5 days gap between GS papers and Optional. This notes will help you at revise paper 2 twice at that time. It will take around one month.

Fourth reading

Usually this reading will be between prelims and mains. Read original sources like you are reading it for first time. This time it will take only one month. Here simultaneously you should start answer writing practice.

Revision stage

Here you should only focus on your notes. Before your mains you should have at least 4 to 5 revisions. After those revisions you will have better conceptual and factual clarity.

Studying Trends

Questions on trends is frequently asked. Here rather than trends reasoning behind such trends is more important. In exam to show trends you can also draw rough graphs.

Quoting economist in paper

Now a days there is trend to quote economist name. I have seen some papers where in each questions 5-6 economist are quoted. Aspirants forget that in question your opinion is asked and not economists. Thus you should write your arguments first and then to substantiate this or to give authenticity to your data you should write economist name and her arguments.

Remember that excessive quoting may backfire. It may push your score to below 100.

How to deal with data and facts ?

It is very hard to remember exact figures. It is also certain that examiner will also be aware of only general trend and not exact data. Thus you should also remember round figures. It will help you to remember data. Whenever you don’t remember exact data show trends.

Now to remember data you need to have multiple revisions. You can make tables and graphs to remember it easily.

Question selection in paper

We have to write 2 compulsory questions (5 sub questions each) and 3 optional questions (3 sub questions each). One should attempt optional questions first and then compulsory.

There are 3 optional questions in Section A and 3 in Section B. Among them you will have to attempt 3 (At least one from each). It is usually seen that 1 question will be on pre independence, 2-3 on post independence till liberalization and 3-4 on post independence after liberalization.

Here question selection matters a lot. Static part that is Pre independence, Post independence till liberalization will help you to score average numbers. While current affairs that is Post independence after liberalization will either give you very high marks or very low marks.

Thus toppers advice that one should select one question from dynamic and two from static. It will help you to score around 140-160 which is a decent score.

Tackling paper

In paper 2 you will get very less space. For 10 & 15 marks only 1 page is provided. While in 20 markers 1 & 1/2 page is provided. Thus writing concise and showing conceptual understanding matters more.

For example

In 2019 there was question on examine the relation between casualization of employment and poverty in India.

Here many aspirants wrote about positive relation between casualization of employment and poverty. It is true in economic sense but trend is exactly opposite in Indian scenario which is asked in question. So how we can structure this answer?

Structure :

Intro

Explain usual positive relation between casualization of employment and poverty. Then with data explain that there is negative relation in India.

Body

Reasons for such relations – Here to substantiate your arguments you can quote name of economist. Then you can mention impacts of this relation.

Conclusion

Way forward to deal with this.

Now in 10 markers there can be questions where you don’t have much data. In those questions write GS type answers.

Relevance of past year papers

Unlike paper 1 relevance of past year papers is less here. It is more relevant in Indian economy section of post independence till 1991. However for answer writing practice one should solve papers from 2014. It will teach you what to write and what not to write. They are available here.

Some hacks to deal with paper 2

  1. Understand the ideology of famous economist. Even if you don’t remember exact quotation, you can quote them in line of respective ideology.
  2. In current questions everyone writes GS like answers so avoid them.
  3. Excessive criticism of government is not acceptable. Criticism should be constructive criticism.
  4. Indian economist are grown in socialist environment. So don’t show excessive capitalist nature in exam.
  5. Headings matters more than data of answer (Similar to our university exams.

Notes Making

Why we need notes?

In UPSC you will have to attempt 19 questions in 3 hours. Time management is real issue. Thus to reproduce content fast it should be by heart. To by heart content multiple revisions in short span are required. Thus notes play important role in UPSC preperation.

How to make notes?

Seniors usually say that जो नोट्स से reproduce कर पाया वो UPSC क्लिअर कर आया | That is why your notes should be reproducible. I would suggest you to keep two types of notes. One for regular revisions with detail data and one micro note for revision just before day of exam.

Paper 1 Notes

In paper 1 notes should include short statement of model which you can write in exam. Statement should not be more than 4-5 lines. Later start with assumptions.

Write short assumptions in list format for example

Assumptions

  1. No externalities
  2. Taste of individual remains constant
  3. Ordinal utility

Here no need to explain what is ordinal utility . No need to focus on grammatical arrangement of statement. Just keywords are important.

Diagram

Now you should draw diagram. Here no need to explain diagram it is self explanatory.

Explanation

Later comes explanation. Here explain how the model works. Details related to models. There is absolutely no need to form grammatically correct statement.

For example

In liquidity trap any rise in money supply is hold for speculative purpose. People believe that interest rate might rise which leads to capital loss to share holders. Thus interest rate do not affect. Unchanged interest rate do not change investment and thus no change in income.

This statement can be explained as

MS increases -> Speculation of increasing interest -> Money held as SD -> No change in investment and income

Tail end of model

Later you should check about exceptions of model. Like what if investment is endogenous in Keynesian model. Write them in short.

Write relevance of model in short. Along with it do comparative analysis with similar models. For example Keynes vs Classical. And then go to criticism.

In standard models it will take around 5-6 pages.

In off beat models which are not mentioned in syllabus just mention its statement and 2-3 statements around it. It should not go beyond 1 page.

This are regular revision notes. Here your target should be reducing bulky books to its 10% to 30% size.

Paper 2 Notes

No need to make your own notes. Take Abhijeet sir’s notes and then add additional points to it.

Micro notes

This notes are very important.

Paper 1

Here just mention

  • short statement
  • small diagram
  • assumptions of model which are most important or which you are forgetting.
  • Table based short comparison
  • Criticism which are not assumption based
  • One liner policy implication

In this notes every model should be covered in at max one page. In off beat models just mention one or two line. Overall notes should not be more than 200 pages.

Paper 2

I reduced Abhijeet sir’s notes into 200 pages hand written notes. With help of those notes I can revise my paper 2 in just half day.

So basic strategy is just mention important, data, economist name and important information. This notes are actually fact sheets. They will help you to remember data just before the exam. (After two days of exam you will forget it). One small book of 200 pages is max limit for it.

Answer Writing

Answer writing is challenging task for aspirants. It is really hard to answer question in given time limit with given space. Here I will try to simplify it for you.

When to start answer writing?

Once you have done 3 readings of standard source you should start answer writing.

Role of presentation in answer writing

It is said that optional paper is checked within 20-25 minutes. Even Ravindra Jha of bliss point checks with that speed. Thus presentation will play important role. Your answer should show what examiner want to see.

Reading of question

Every question should be read twice. There can be something which you might miss in first reading.

Dividing Questions into sub part

Usually in 10 marker questions there are one or two parts while in 15 & 20 markers there are two to three parts.

For example

What is meant by oligopoly? In what respects is it different from other forms of market? Show that an oligopolist may face a kinked demand curve. (2005)

Here first part ask about oligopoly, second ask about its difference with other markets and third part is about kinked demand curve. Each part might have 5 marks. Your answer should show that you have answered all three parts. For that headings will matter. Heading will shoe examiner that aspirant have understood question properly.

For example in above question you can structure like this

Oligopoly characteristics

Difference of oligopoly with other form of market

Oligopoly and kinked demand curve

Paper 1 specific suggestions

I will explain this with help of example.

Illustrate Kinky demand curve and bring out its implication for pricing under conditions of oligopoly. (1999)

What to write in intro?

In paper 1 definition or explanation of theory or model asked in the question is best intro. Here you can write

In Kinked demand curve price elasticity of demand is different at different region. It is seen in the oligopoly market

How to write assumptions?

Assumptions should be written in point format. They should be very crisp. Do not write more than 4 assumptions. Write only important assumptions.

For example

Assumptions

  1. Oligopoly market.
  2. Rival firms will respond to decrease in price but not to increase in prices.
  3. Products are substitute.
  4. Firms are profit maximizing

How to draw diagram?

Diagrams are very important in economics. It will show examiner that you have good understanding of topic.

While drawing diagrams following precautions should be taken.

  • Labeling should be clear and precis
  • Diagrams should be self explanatory
  • They should be conceptually correct. For example Marginal cost curve should always intersect average cost curve at its minimum. It shows your conceptual understanding.
  • Pen is acceptable . Toppers who scored 300+ did not use pencil and scale. However if you are poor in drawing then you should use scale.
  • According to UPSC answer sheet it should take space around half page. If possible box it.

How to explain model ?

In body you should answer all parts carefully. Do not explain diagram. Just explain what is asked. It should be very brief. It is advisable to write explanation in paragraph format.

What to write in conlusion?

Conclusion is not necessary in paper 1. However answer should be written such that it shows completeness after reading.

For example in above question at the end you can write

Implication for pricing under kinked demand curve

Thus under the kinked demand curve for range of marginal cost, firms has no incentives to change prices. Hence for given range of marginal cost prices will remain stable in the market even if marginal cost increases.

Using proper vocabulary

One of the aspirant used word service based competition for non price competition. His understanding might be correct but according to economics it is incorrect word. So you should stick to vocabulary related to economics.

Should I use math in paper?

It is advisable to keep paper non mathematical. Instead use graphs.

Importance of word limit

Given word limit is actually scientifically driven. It is given such that paper can be completed in three hours. If you start breaching word limit, you won’t be able to cover paper . Thus writing concise answer matters.

Remember it is maximum word limit. It is advisable to write 130-140 words in 10 markers and 230-240 words in  10/15 markers. In some questions you can breach limit no issues.

How to tackle paper?

Paper is divided between compulsory and optional questions. Past trend show that there are always 2-3 bouncers in compulsory questions. Thus please avoid reading compulsory questions first. It might demotivate you in exam.

Start with optional questions. Choose questions wisely. It is see that every year one section is heavily asked in exam. For example in 2018 there were more questions on growth theories. One of my senior told me that  paper setters are professor from central universities. A professor usually have deep knowledge about his subject and good knowledge of other.  Thus he tend to ask difficult questions from his area of expertise. In such scenario if you don’t have knowledge of that subject you should choose questions from other subject to get average marks.

How to manage time in paper?

Spend first 10 minutes to choose questions. Then start with optional questions. Here you might have heavy data on some question. Here you should control yourself. In 2019 there was question what makes monetary policy ineffective even in short run. I had good understanding of this question I spent 15 minutes on it. It significantly impacted quality of other answers. Please do not repeat my mistake. Write very precise that too within given limit.

You should write 10 markers in end. In that too write off beat question in end.

How to deal with bouncers?

If you have read that bouncer earlier you can hit a six using upper cut. However most of time it is not the case. So in that case getting single or double matter more.

Here you can write definition of keywords mentioned in questions or you can write relevant things around it or just write what you know about it.

Paper 2 specific suggestions

In paper 2 you will get very less space. For 10 & 15 marks only 1 page is provided. While in 20 markers 1 & 1/2 page is provided. Thus writing concise and showing conceptual understanding matters more.

For example

In 2019 there was question on examine the relation between casualization of employment and poverty in India.

Here many aspirants wrote about positive relation between casualization of employment and poverty. It is true in economic sense but trend is exactly opposite in Indian scenario which is asked in question. So how we can structure this answer?

Structure :

Intro

Explain usual positive relation between casualization of employment and poverty. Then with data explain that there is negative relation in India.

Body

Reasons for such relations – Here to substantiate your arguments you can quote name of economist. Then you can mention impacts of this relation.

Conclusion

Way forward to deal with this.

Question selection in paper 2

We have to write 2 compulsory questions (5 sub questions each) and 3 optional questions (3 sub questions each). One should attempt optional questions first and then compulsory.

There are 3 optional questions in Section A and 3 in Section B. Among them you will have to attempt 3 (At least one from each). It is usually seen that 1 question will be on pre independence, 2-3 on post independence till liberalization and 3-4 on post independence after liberalization.

Here question selection matters a lot. Static part that is Pre independence, Post independence till liberalization will help you to score average numbers. While current affairs that is Post independence after liberalization will either give you very high marks or very low marks.

Thus toppers advice that one should select one question from dynamic and two from static. It will help you to score around 140-160 which is a decent score.

Should I quote name of economist?

Now a days there is trend to quote economist name. I have seen some papers where in each questions 5-6 economist are quoted. Aspirants forget that in question your opinion is asked and not economists. Thus you should write your arguments first and then to substantiate this or to give authenticity to your data you should write economist name and her arguments.

Remember that excessive quoting may backfire. It may push your score to below 100.

Use of data

Data is very important in paper 2. Wherever possible use it. For example in above question of casualsation I gave data to show that poverty is increasing and casualisation is increasing.

Being socialist matters

Indian professor are grown in socialist environment. At the end they are going to check you paper. So don’t show excessive capitalist nature in exam.

Criticizing government

Excessive fact less criticism is always bad. Criticize only when you have strong facts. Also make sure that you are also giving alternate solution.

Paragraph vs Point format

I used mix of both in exam. It depends on question.

Importance of Covering paper

It is most important aspect. It is said that UPSC follows normalization to bring parity between different optional. It might be correct as every year around 10% are selected from every optional. So leaving a question might cost you much. In normalization even 2 marks can make great difference. So don’t leave any question. Even in bouncers you should write something.

Now you know how to write answer. So why to wait start practicing to improve it further. Best of luck !

Mistakes to avoid

  1. Those who have background are over confident about it. They tend to ignore reference books from where direct questions are coming. Standard books are most important in preparation.
  2. Over reliance on toppers notes. Notes are made for their own understanding. You can not understand it completely. It should be used as guiding light.
  3. Not revising models. If revisions are ignored then it will be difficult to produce them in exam.
  4. Over thinking. Especially engineers. Economics model are dependent on assumptions. So don’t over think on it. Assumptions are assumptions. Sometime they are used to simplify analysis. For example I used to think why Investment is exogenous in Keynesian model.
  5. Not practicing diagrams. It was my biggest mistake. If my marks are less in paper 1 credit goes to diagrams. I was over confident about diagrams.
  6. Not having short notes for revisions. There is 5 days gap between GS papers and Optional. Your notes will help you to revise optional in that gap.
  7. Not solving past year papers. Either directly or indirectly 30-50 % questions will be there from past years.
  8. Not attempting mock papers in 3 hours. Mock marks are just to impress your self. It won’t help you to get seat. You should give mock like final exam.
  9. Not covering syllabus. You should be aware of every word of syllabus. If you leave few questions you are actually out off race.
  10. Ignoring paper 2. It’s common mistake. We might think that it’s easy and we can write anything. Believe me variation is more in paper 2 than paper 1. If you write anything you will surely get score below 120. In paper 2 understanding matters more than paper 1.
  11. Topper ne kaha economist ko quote karo. Then without giving you own opinion you will quote 3/4 economist in a single question. In question your opinion is asked. To substantiate it you can quote economist. Excessive quoting might lead to low score. (This gyan was given to me by one JNU processor who used to teach in LBSNAA)
  12. In exam there will 3/4 bouncers. You should take single or double on it and hit six on full toss. If you start bothering about bouncers you will miss full toss.
  13. One should be able to complete whole paper in exam. It is said that using normalization UPSC ensures parity among optional. If normalization is there then even 2-3 marks can make significant difference.

Mistakes to avoid in Diagrams

Diagrams are very important in economics. While drawing diagrams following precautions should be taken.

  1. Labeling should be clear and precis
  2. Diagrams should be self explanatory
  3. They should be conceptually correct. For example Marginal cost curve should always intersect average cost curve at its minimum. It shows your conceptual understanding.
  4. Pen is acceptable . Toppers who scored 300+ did not use pencil and scale. However if you are poor in drawing then you should use scale.
  5. According to UPSC answer sheet it should take space around half page. If possible box it.
  6. Practice is very important. Practice each diagram at least 10 times. I forget it. I might have to pay cost.

All the best, hope you won’t repeat this mistakes.

Review of Coaching

Disclaimer : It is personal opinion

In economics, guidance is major issue. Being an engineer I was fearful about economics. Thus I decided to join Vajiram and Ravi.

Review of Vajiram and Ravi

Dr Vibhas Jha teaches there. He is a brilliant teacher with solid understanding of economics. I am impressed by his character and teaching style.

To make lectures interesting he usually narrates his story. Sometime in flow he teaches for an hour and narrates story for remaining time. It is very distracting and time consuming. Thus after a month looking at cost benefit analysis I left coaching.

Join his coaching only if you have ample time. His insights will help you in long run.

Review of coaching material of Vajiram and Ravi

Coaching material is not well organized and thus even not useful for revision purpose. Please depend on standard books only.

Review of test series of Bliss point (Ravindra Jha)

He charge around 14k for test series. His question papers are compilation of past year questions. So you might not find any new question. In the review also you may not get detail feedback. He gives only marks. Solutions provided are not complete. Major problem is answer sheet provided is not like UPSC. Not knowing exact size and nature of answer sheet created trouble for me in final exam.

However his test series is conducted on time. Test series will give you idea about covering paper on time. You can schedule personal sitting with him. It might help you. Until there is best option he is best option available for test series.

Any online coaching

I don’t find any good online coaching for economics optional. There is Nishant Mehra but he is good for entrance coaching and not UPSC optional.

Blogs For Economics Optional

https://thesupermanreturns.wordpress.com/

https://reluctanteconomistblog.wordpress.com/

https://abhijeetsinhaupsc.wordpress.com/

https://akshaybrotherhood.home.blog/

https://abhishekdudhal.wordpress.com/